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Welcome! This is the place to ask the community of experts and other fallacyophites (I made up that word) if someone has a committed a fallacy or not. This is a great way to settle a dispute! This is also the home of the "Mastering Logical Fallacies" student support.


Dr. Bo's Criteria for Logical Fallacies:

  1. It must be an error in reasoning not a factual error.
  2. It must be commonly applied to an argument either in the form of the argument or in the interpretation of the argument.
  3. It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult.

Therefore, we will define a logical fallacy as a concept within argumentation that commonly leads to an error in reasoning due to the deceptive nature of its presentation. Logical fallacies can comprise fallacious arguments that contain one or more non-factual errors in their form or deceptive arguments that often lead to fallacious reasoning in their evaluation.

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Daniel Jeandet

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Daniel Jeandet


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Wed, Mar 06, 2019 - 05:17 AM

Fallacy of misapplied model

Is there a fallacy where we apply a certain model or theory to a situation it does not apply to?

I'm thinking here about the concept of 'domains of validity,' wherein a scientific model is predictive at one scale or in certain circumstances but may not apply on other scales or in other circumstances, and so lead to erroneous conclusions and failed predictions.

Depending on the answers I get, I will provide an example to illustrate. I actually have another more specific question regarding this fallacy, but first I'm just checking with you all to see if I'm on the right track or not.



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Alan

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Alan


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Print Wed, Mar 06, 2019 - 05:27 AM
There is the ludic fallacy, which is the incorrect application of games to model real life situations. It like trying to apply a situation with controlled factors to a dynamic environment with uncertainty and risk.Might be useful, but misleading.


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Keith Curley

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Keith Curley


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Print Thu, Mar 07, 2019 - 11:23 AM
It might depend on the particular misapplication you have in mind; so examples would be appreciated.

I think you're likely dealing with equivocation, in particular you have a theory/model which applies to all X, and you have a case in front of you which you say is an X, but that is not really an X of the relevant sort. The equivocation is that both the set of applicable cases and your case might be called X, but aren't the same at all.



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