(also known as: illicit quantifier shift)
Description: A fallacy of reversing the order of two quantifiers.
Every X has a related Y.
Therefore, there is some Y related to every X.
Everybody has a mother.
Therefore, there is some woman out there who is the mother of us all.
Explanation: While it is true that everyone has (or had) a mother, the term “mother” is not a singular term that is shared -- it is implied that it is a category in which many mothers reside. The conclusion is asserting the opposite of the meaning -- that there is actually just one mother shared by everyone. This form of reasoning is invalid; therefore, fallacious.
Everybody has a brain.
Therefore, there is a single brain we all share.
Explanation: Everybody has his or her own brain, not one we all share. Although I have met many people who seem not to have their own brain. This form of reasoning is invalid; therefore, fallacious.
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